Art Lesson n. 1 – The language of Art

4 Jul


is humanity’s visual language. Knowing how the language of art works can help you to understand and appreciate more of your visual world.

Design elements and principles are the words and grammar of the language of art.

Colour may be used realisticaly in art to represent a natural appearance. Colour may also be used to create a mood and to symbolize ideas. Bright colours may be used to express happy things, dark colour serious themes or ideas.


Braque, Bay La Ciot

Texture can be used by the artist to depict objects as they are in nature. Paint may be built up to produce a sense of the bark of a tree. Artists may also deliberately alter the texture to suit the message. Adding a sense of texture is one way to create visual interest in a composition and to direct the viewer’s gaze.

Twilight trees, Toni Grote

 Space refers to the distance between two points. People measure space in terms of length, width and depth. In 2-D art, depth is an illusion – clever use of line, value and colour may give the illusion of space.  In much contemporary art, artists choose deliberately to avoid the illusion of space. Their works can appear quite flat. Linear perspective is the illuson of space on a flat surface.


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